Unit Test 2 Review Sheet

 

Matter, Energy and Life

Key Vocabulary
Abiotic
Aerobic respiration
Ammonia
Ammonification
Assimilation
Autotroph
Biomass
Biotic
Carbon Cycle
Carnivore
Cellular Respiration
Conservation of Mass
Consumers
Decomposers
Denitrification
Detritivores
Ecological Pyramids
Energy Cycle
Entropy
First law of thermodynamics
Food chain
Food web
Herbivore
Heterotroph
Keystone species
Legumes
Nitrates
Nitrification
Nitrites
Nitrogen Cycle
Nitrogen fixation
Nutrient cycle
Omnivore
Phosphate
Phosphorus cycle
Photosynthesis
Phytoplankton
Positive Feedback Loop
Primary consumer
Producer
Scavengers
Second law of thermodynamics
Secondary consumer
Sulfur Cycle
Tertiary consumer
Trophic level
Water Cycle

Review Questions
1. Know how the first and second law of thermodynamics govern ecosystem dynamics.
2. What is the difference between low and high quality energy? Give examples.
3. Energy doesn't recycle, but does matter?
4. Be able to make a food chain and food web for organisms in our area. What makes them long or short?
5. What is the process of photosynethesis and cellular respiration?
6. What are the major steps to the carbon cycle, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and water cycles?
7. Which nutrients cycle slowly and which are quick?
8. What are the largest storage reservoirs for C, N, P and S? Which does not have an aerial form?
9. Be able to diagram the tropic levels for organisms in our local ecosystem.
10. Know the names of each trophic level and be able to give examples.
11. Know the 10% rule of energy flow between trophic levels. How does biomass change as you go up the trophic pyramid?
12. What is the role of decomposers and scavengers in the ecosystem?
13. How efficient is photosynethesis?
14. What specifically is upsetting the natural balance of the C, N, P and S cycles?
15. Why is it better to be vegetarian as far as the land needed to feed people?

 

Biomes


Key Vocabulary
Abyssal
Aphotic
Aquatic Biomes
Benthic
Biome
Boreal Forest
Broad Leaf Temperate Forest
Chapparal
Corridors
Desert
Ecotone
Ecosystem
Estuary
Fresh water
Grassland
Habitat
Intertidal
Limnetic
Littoral
Mitigate
Neritic
Oceanic
Pelagic
Permafrost
Profundal
Riparian
Savanna
Taiga
Tropical Rain Forest
Tundra
Wetlands

Essential Questions
1. A biome is a large distinct terrestrial region having what kind of similar features?
2. What are the characteristics of the major biomes of the Earth?
3. Specifically where are the major biomes located?
4. What common plants and/or animals are associated with each biome?
5. What is the impact of park fragmentation on the diversity of the species?
6. Which biomes are the most impacted by man?
7. Which biomes are under represented in preserves?
8. Which aquatic biomes are most productive?

 

Management of Nature Preserves

Key Vocabulary
Core
Corridors
Edge Effect
Fragmentation
Mitigate
Phytoremediation
Reclamation
Rehabilitation
Remediation
Restoration

Essential Questions
1. What are the ways to protect, repair and manage ecological hot spots?
2. What percent of the world's land surface is protected as parks, preserves and wildlife refuges?
3. Why are wetlands so valuable as a resource? What ecosystem services do they offer?
4. How do wetlands control flooding?
5. How can parks and preserves be designed to accommodate species with a large range and to protect the biodiversity of the park?
6. Know the degree of restricted use in:

a. National Forest & National Resource lands,
b. National Wildlife Refuges
c. National Wilderness Preservation System & National Parks

7. What are most park boundaries based on?
8. What were the first two parks created in America.
9. What is the ideal park shape and size?
10. What is the biggest threat to parks worldwide?