New Paltz High School Plant List

 

Trees-

  • White Pine- needles in bundles of five, smooth gray bark, straight trunk used for ship masts!

  • Eastern Hemlock- evergreen, flatten needles, white underneath, foliage a deer favorite.

  • Eastern Red Cedar- evergreen, scale-like needles, pioneer plant, Cedar Apple Rust fungus

  • White Cedar- scaley leaves in flat fern-like appearance

  • Witch-hazel- first and last tree to bloom, yellow flowers

  • American Elm- leaves double toothed, sand papery texture, leaf base lopsided

  • Slippery Elm

  • Northern Red Oak- toothed lobed leaves, brown ridged bark, acorns
    Black Oak- leathery or shiney leaves, hairy bud scales, acorns

  • White Oak- rounded lobed leaves, spring leaves pink!, bark light ash-gray, acrons

  • Pin Oak- lobed leaf pinches inward, horizontal branches, acorns

  • Sycamore- bark peels to tan, gray and brown

  • American Chestnut- long, toothed oblate leaves, blight severe, nuts yummy

  • Red Maple- leaves toothed, 3 to 5 palmate lobes, light leaf bottom, reddish twigs, silver trunk

  • Sugar Maple- palmately lobed leaves, deep notches, maple sugar source, timber tree, deer food

  • Black (sweet) Birch- wintergreen scent

  • Gray Birch- pioneer species, sapling bark white, leaves narrowly triangular with serrations

  • Paper (white) Birch- white bark peels into large strips, ovate leaves, catkins

  • Speckled Alder- near streams. Fix nitrogen in soil!

  • Hop Hornbeam (or Hornbeam)- doublely serrated leaves, bark rough, seeds in closed cluster

  • American Hornbeam- single toothed leaves, gray bark looks like muscles, tool handles

  • Flowering Dogwood- showy white bracts, yellow flowers, opposite branches candelabra-like

  • White Ash- opposite 7 leaflet arrangement, bud above leaf scar, use- baseball bats

  • Green Ash- compound leaves, no bud above leaf scar, moist areas

  • Shagbark Hickory- bark looks like shaggy dog, nuts edible, pinnate leaves

  • Pignut Hickory- 5 leaflets, alternate, toothless, not shaggy bark

  • Catalpa- large cordate leaves, long slender seed pod, showy white flowers

  • Black Cherry- oblong leaves, finely serrated, horizontal lenticels, rusty hairs midvien underside.

  • Choke-cherry

  • Black Gum (Sour-gum or Black Tupelo)- blue fruit, toothless, waxy top leaf

  • Weeping Willow- long, lance leaves, drooping branches, bark gray and rough, grows near water

  • Hawthorne-

  • American Beech- smooth bark, toothed leaves, tan leaves stay on tree all winter

  • Quaking Aspen- leaves quiver in light wind, petiole is twisted, use as fiber source

  • Downy Serviceberry (Shadbush or Juneberry)- white flowers, used for jams

  • Common Apple- cultivated plant, apples!

  • American Basswood- large leaves, distinct viens

  • Black Walnut- compound leaves, alternatie, 15-23 leaflets, 2 " nuts, use for fine furniture, dyes

  • White Cedar- scaly leaves in flat fern-like appearance

  • Cottonwood

  • Bladdernut- Staphylea pinnata

  • Blue Spruce
  • American Larch/ Tamarack- deciduous evergreen. Can live in -85 degree weather! Cones 1-2 cm long.

Test yourself!

 

Shrubs/Vines

Silky Dogwood- flower/ fruit cluster flat or slightly rounded, fruit blue, moist areas
Gray Dogwood- leaves pale underneath, fruit white with red stalks, gray bark
Staghorn Sumac- compound, pioneer species, fruit lemony, used to be used for tanning leather
Red Raspberry
Maple-leaf Viburnum
Nannyberry Viburnum- shrub, finely serrated leaves, dark blue fruit
Multi-flora rose

Bayberry- Aromatic leaves, fixes nitrogen in the soil

Spicebush

Japanese Barberry
Highbush Blueberry
Winterberry Holly
Virginia Creeper- vine, five leaflets. native vine- does not strangle
Poison Ivy- leaves of three, caustic to skin
Wild Grapes- vine
Virgin's Bower vine- Clematis virginica

Herbaceous Plants

Goldenrod- silverrod, grass-leaved, wrinkle leaved, giant goldenrod
New England Aster
Queen Anne's Lace
Christmas Fern
New York Fern
Marsh Fern
Crested fern
Lady fern

Spinulos wood fern
Hay scented fern
Bracken fern
Skunk Cabbage

Tussock Sedge

Reed Grass

Hepatica

False Solomon's Seal- Maianthemum racemosum

Dewberry- Rubus flagellaris

Cinquefoil- Potentilla

Hog peanut-

Dodder

White wood aster- Aster divaricatus

Little bluestem grass
Dogbane
Poor man's pepper
Daisy Fleabane
White Wood Aster
Cananda thistle

Bedstraw- introduced

Cleavers- Galim aparine: Sticky stem

Haircap Moss
Beggar Ticks

Tick trefoil

Smartweed- Polygonium

Sedge sp.
Agrimony
Wood sorrel
Hawkweed
Ragweed
Veronica Speedwell
Japanese Siltgrass
Common Horsetail
Princess Pine
Garlic Grass
Chickory
Wild Strawberry

Trillium
Common Plantain
Dandelion
Common Mullein
Orange Jewelweed
Sensitive Fern
Cleavers
Horsetail
Yarrow

Vetch

Mugwort
Spotted Knapweed
Smartweed
Duckweed, wolffia: Tiniest flowering plant in the world
Watermeal
Arrow-leaved tear thumb- narrow leaved
Halbert leaved tear thumb- wide leaved
Cinquefoil

Red Clover
Canada Mayflower- Maianthemum canadensis

 

Invasive plants:

Japanese Siltgrass

Japanese Barberry

Mugwort: Arteminisia

Garlic Mustard

Purple Loosestrife

Multiflora Rose

Canadian Thistle