APES REVIEW

 

 

1. Understanding Our Environment, Ethics and Philosophy-9/4-9/9

Content
Environmental History of the World
Introduction to Environmental Problems
*Population Explosion
*Deforestation
*Pollution
*Global Warming
Environmental Decisions
*Environmental Ethics and Philosophy
*Aesthetics vs. Economics
*Cultural Influences and Considerations
**Story of Easter Island

Essential Questions
What are the main problems facing our environment today?
What are some of the hot local environmental issues today?
What are some of the current national/international environmental issues?
How have anthropogenic actions affected our ecosystems in America?

Skills
Know how to construct good arguments in favor of, or against, a particular position on an environmental issue.
Know how to use the internet to research environmental issues.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Aesthetics
Antropocentric
Anthropogenic
Appropriate technology
Conservation
Hypothesis
Intrinsic (Inherent) value
Paradigm
Preservation
NIMBY (not in my backyard)
Scientific Method

Labs
Estimates and Accuracy in Science

Lesson/Activities
Four Corners
Don't take it for Granite
Graphic Organizers
Estimation/Accuracy exercise
Environmental news article summaries

Resources
www.cathylaw.com
rock samples
Video: Nova- Secrets of the Lost Empires 2
Recording: Mercy, Mercy, Me- Marvin Gaye

 

2. Matter, Energy and Life- 9/10-9/20

Content
Energy Flow
*First/Second Law of Thermodynamics
*Photosynthesis
*Trophic Levels
**Food Chain
**Food Web
Nutrient Cycles
*Carbon Cycle
*Nitrogen Cycle
*Phosphorus Cycle

Essential Questions
What physical laws govern ecosystem dynamics?
How do you make a food chain and food web for organisms in the regional ecosystems in our area?
What are the steps to the carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles?

Skills
Construct food chains and food webs

Assessments
Chapter Quiz

Key Vocabulary
Abiotic
Ammonification
Assimilation
Autotroph
Balanced herbivory
Biomass
Biotic
Carnivore
Conservation of Matter
Consumers
Decomposers
Detritus
Equilibrium Theory
First law of thermodynamics
Food chain
Food web
Gaia
Herbivore
Heterotroph
Keystone species
Kinetic energy
Legumes
Methane
Microbe
Nitrification
Nitrogen fixation
Nutrient cycle
Omnivore
Organic phosphate
Phosphate
Potential Energy
Primary consumer
Second law of thermodynamics
Secondary consumer
Trophic level

Labs
Food Chains
Rapter Study: Owl Pellets
Marine Ecology Lab: Food Web and Energy Pyramids

Lesson/Activities
Carbon Cycle Matching
Food Web String Activity
Reading: Beyond Global Warming. DBQ
Lenape Rainforest Food Web Scramble Game
Enviroweb

Resources
www.cathylaw.com
Small mammal skeletons reference guides
Video: The Carbon Cycle

 

3. Biological Communities and Species Interaction- 9/23-10/4

Content
Evolution
*Tolerance Limits and Species Abundance
*Natural Selection and Adaptations
*Niche Specialization
Species Interactions
*Predation
*Keystone Species
*Competition
*Symbiosis
**Mutualism
**Commensalism
**Parasitism
*Defensive Mechanisms
Ecological Succession
*Primary Succession
*Secondary Succession
*Aquatic Succession

Essential Questions
What causes changes in ecosystems?
What are the various stages of ecological succession in our area?
What are the main types of species interactions?
What is the relationship between physiological adaptations and evolutionary success?
What limits species abundance?

Skills
Constructing and analyzing graphs.
Know how to construct a formal lab report
Be able to utilize the transect sampling method.
Identify the ecological succession occurring in New Paltz High School fields and woods.
Be able to set up an experimental ecosystem and understand what abiotic or biotic conditions affect organisms.
Calculate the statistical analysis of a phenomenon using the Chi square test

Assessments
Unit Test

Key Vocabulary
Abundance
Adaptation
Chi Square test
Climax community
Commensalism
Competitive exclusion principle
Diversity
Control
Ecological succession
Evolution
Gross Primary Production
Habitat
Keystone species
Law of limiting factors
Limiting factor
Mutualism
Natural selection
Niche
Net primary production
Optimal Range
Plant community
Predator-prey relationship
Producers
Primary productivity
Primary succession
Range of Tolerance
Resilience
Resource partitioning
Secondary succession
Tolerance limits
Transect sampling method
Variable

Labs
Ecological Succession: Evolution of Community Structure in a terrestrial environment
Nitrogen as Limiting Factor in Soil on Plant Growth
Environmental Factors and Organism Distribution in Pillbugs- experiment construction, hypothesis testing and Chi-Square Statistical Analysis

Lesson/Activities
Graphing Detective: An exercise in critical reading, experimental design and data analysis.
Graphing Mystery
Studying Forest Succession
Peppermoth Activity
Toothpick Activity
Tribolite fossils scramble lab
Statistics and Hypothesis Testing
Chi Square modeling with M&M's

Resources
Plant identification guide books
New Paltz High School woods
www.cathylaw.com

 

4. Biomes, Restoration and Management- 10/7-10/21

Content
Ecological and Terrestrial Biomes
*Deserts
*Grasslands
*Temperate Deciduous Forest
*Tropical Rain Forest
*Taiga
*Tundra
Aquatic Ecosystems
*Lakes and Ponds
*Streams and Rivers
*Inland Wetlands
Marine Ecosystems
*Coastal
*Estuaries
*Open Ocean
Restoration Ecology
*Preservationists vs. Restorationists
*Restoration
*Remediation
*Mitigation
Ecosystem Management
*Federal and State Agencies

Essential Questions
What are the characteristics of the major biomes of the Earth?
What are the ways to protect, repair and manage ecological hot spots?

Skills
Know how to do the Grinnell method of field journaling
Be able to use the Quadrant sampling method
Know how to write a scientific paper
Be able to identify local flora.
Know how to design, conduct and report the results of a scientific research experiment.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Benthic plant
Biome
Ecosystem
Epiphytes
Estuary
Habitat
Permafrost
Quadrant Sampling method
Mitigate
Remediation
Restoration Ecology
Savanna
Taiga

Labs
Parking Lot Ecology
Collecting and Recording Ongoing Ecology Data- Grinnell method of Field Journaling, slope and quadrant plotting, plant identification, graphing
Critical Thinking Field Experiments and Formal Lab Reports

Lesson/Activities
Mystery Graph
21 Questions
Quessay Poem

Resources
www.cathylaw.com
plant identification guide books
New Paltz High School woods
Slides/ Powerpoint- Ecosystems Around the World
Recording: Sounds of the Tropical Rainforest
Optional Field Trip: Canoeing Tivoli Bay

 

5. Biodiversity, Land Use and Nature Preservation- 10/22-10/31

Content
Genetic Diversity
*Hot Spots of the World
*Endangered and Extinct Species
Loss of Biodiversity
*Habitat Destruction
*Habitat Fragmentation
*Exotic Species
*Successful Comebacks
World Land Use
*Land Use Distribution
*Forest Land Use and Abuse
**Temperate Forests
**Tropical Jungles
**Sustainable Forestry
Rangelands
*Overgrazing
*Protection
Parks, Preserves and Refuges
*Wildlife Preservation vs. Tourism
*Mineral Extraction and Timber Company Rights
*Fragmentation and Corridors
*Wetlands
**Development Pressures
**Flood Control

Essential Questions
How do the mass extinctions in the pass differ from the rate of biodiversity loss experienced today?
What are the major challenges to preserving the biodiversity on the planet?
How has land use changed throughout human history?
What are some threats to our national parks?
What are some of the negative results of deforestation?
Why are wetlands so valuable as a resource?

Skills
Be able to compare the biodiversity between two areas using Shannon-Weaver index

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Clearcutting
Common pool resources
Corridors
Deforestation
Ecotourism
Endangered species
Exotic species
Extinction
Fragmentation
Island Biogeography
Overgrazing
Threatened species
Wetlands

Labs
The Changing Earth From Space
Use the Shannon-Weaver Index to compare the biodiversity between different ecosystems
Endangered Species- What's Happening
Comparing Diversity in Human Managed Habitats
Ant biodiversity lab
Comparing Species Diversity in Islands of Different Sizes

Lesson/Activities
What Price Open Space
Intro to Sampling Populations and Communities: Shannon-Weaver Index
Biodiversity/Endangered Species Research Paper
The story of squirrels and scopes
How much do you know about biodiversity?

Resources
Video: Cane toads
Video: National Geographic- America's Endangered Species
Video: Earth on the Edge
New Paltz High School Woods
Recording: Big Yellow Taxi- Janis Joplan

 

6. Population Dynamics- 11/1-11/8

Content
Population Ecology
*Exponential Growth and Doubling Time
*Population Oscillations
*Carrying Capacity
*Catastrophic Population Decline
Factors that Increase or Decrease Populations
Factors that Regulate Population Growth
*Density-dependent/Density-independent factors

Essential Questions
How do you estimate the population of groups of organisms in a large area?
What factors might regulate the population growth of an organism?

Skills
Know how to estimate the population of an organism in an area
Exponential Notation

Assessments
Unit test

Key Vocabulary
Biotic potential
Carrying capacity
Density-dependent factor
Density-independent factor
Exponential increase
Environmental resistance
K strategist
Population
Population density
R strategist

Labs
Introduction to Sampling Populations and Communities
Field Population Ecology Lab- sampling techniques, data collection and analysis
Estimating Population Size

Lesson/Activities
Rabbits versus population change
Exponential Notation

Resources
New Paltz High School fields and woods

 

7. Human Populations- 11/12-11/25

Content
Population Growth
*Human Population History
*Demographics- birth rates, death rates, life expectancy
**Developing Countries
**Developed Countries
Impact on Resources
*Global Carrying Capacity
Population Projections and Solutions
*Estimated Demographic Transitions
**Fertility Decline in Rich Countries
*Cairo Conference
**Female Education and Economic Status
**Family Planning

Essential Questions

What are some possible solutions to the soaring world population growth?
How does the growth rate of humans affect the use of world resources and health of the environment?
How do developed and underdeveloped countries differ in age structure, birth rates, infant mortality, death rates, male to female ratios and population growth?
How do you calculate the doubling time of organisms and the growth rate of a population?

Skills
Be able to calculate the doubling time of a population using the rule of 70
Know how to read age structure histograms
Interpret graphs of population data such as infant mortality and fertility rate.
Calculate the percent growth rate of a population over a given time period.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Age structure
Age structure histograms
Birth rates
Birth control
Crude birth rate
Crude death rate
Death rate
Demography
Developed countries
Developing countries
Doubling time
Infant mortality
Morbidity
Mortality
Replacement fertility level
Rule of 70

Labs
Making an Age Pyramid
Modeling Exponential Growth
Population Demographics Lab
Human Population Changes in Survival Lab (survivorship curves, age pyramids, death per age group): Cemetery Field Trip
UN Conference of Population
Population- More is Less

Lesson/Activities
Food for Thought: Human Population Issues
Food? What food?

Resources
Field trip: New Paltz Huguenot cemetery
Local newspapers
Slides/ Powerpoint: Overpopulation
Video: Zero World Population
Video: The People Bomb
Recording: My City Was Gone- The Pretenders

 

8. Environmental Health and Toxicology- 11/26-12/5

Content
Toxicology
*Types of Agents
**Chemical
**Biological
Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification
Measuring Effects
*Tests and Ratings
*Acute and Chronic Dose-Response Relationship
Relative Risks
*Evaluation and Response

Essential Questions
How do you measure the toxicity of a substance?
How do the results of toxicity tests relate to environmental degradation and human health?
What are the affects of radiation on the growth of plants?
How are irradiated organisms affected by the dose and time of exposure?

Skills
Be able to conduct a disease risk analysis by measuring toxic materials affect on organisms
Know how to calculate the LD50 for various toxic materials
Be able to graph experimental and control data as a function of time and radiation data.

Assessments
Unit test

Key Vocabulary
Asbestos fibers
Background radiation
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
Deep-well injection
Halogenated Hydrocarbon
Half-life
HAZMAT (hazardous material)
LD50
Mutagenic
Radioactive decay
Radioisotope
Sievert
Threshold level
Toxicology

Labs
Field Testing and Preparing Reports
Radiation and Growth Factor Lab
Toxicology Lab: Brine Shrimp
Reading Product Labels Investigation

Lesson/Activities
Human Health and Toxic Waste Research Paper

Resources
www.cathylaw.com

 

9. Environmental Geology- 12/6-12/11

Content
Geologic Time Scale
Plate Tectonics
*Volcanism
*Earthquakes
Rocks and Minerals
*Rock Formation
*Economic Geology
*Conservation

Essential Questions
How did plate tectonics affect the diversity of organisms in terms of habitat change and evolution?
How do you read a seismogram?
How do volcanic eruptions affect weather patterns?
How do volcanoes and earthquakes relate to plate tectonics?

Skills
Be able to read a seismogram.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Epicenter
Erosion
Plate tectonics
Seismograph
Strip mining
Subduction
Tectonic plates
Weathering

Labs
Plate Tectonics, Volcanism and Earthquakes Lab

Lesson/Activities
Online Geologic Time Line
CD Rom Activity on Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes
Comparison of weathering rates of limestone and granite
Slides/ Powerpoint: Weathering and landscapes

Resources
CD Rom Activity on Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes
Rock samples

 

10. Food and Agriculture- 12/12- 1/7

Content
Agriculture and the Culture of Eating
*History of Agriculture
**Subsidence Agriculture
**Industrial Agriculture
*Hunger and Obesity
Soil Science
*Soil Types
*Soil Degradation
**Water Erosion
**Wind Erosion
**Pollution of Soil
Food Scarcity Solutions
*Soil Conservation
*Genetic Engineering
*Sustainable Agriculture

Essential Questions
What are the ways to retard soil erosion in agriculture?
What are the methods of mechanical and chemical weathering?
How is soil formed?
What are the soil horizons in a soil profile?
What kinds of soil hold water?
What are the chemical components of the soil?
What components of the soil are important for growing healthy plants?
What kinds of soil hold the most water?

Skills
Be able to determine the slope of your field study area
Be able to point out examples of weathering in your ecosystem
Be able to test soil for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and pH.
Describe soil characteristics in terms of color, texture, and water holding capacity.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Aquaculture
Bedload
Biotechnology
Capillary action
Castings
Compost
Contour plowing
Crop rotation
Genetically Modified Organisms
Green revolution
Hydroponics
Humus
Infiltration
Industrial Revolution
Litter
Loam
Monoculture
No-till agriculture
Organic Food
Overcultivation
Parent Material
Percolation
Sand
Sediment
Slash-and-burn agriculture
Soil
Soil Horizons
Strip cropping
Subsistence farming
Subsoil
Sustainable agriculture
Terracing
Topsoil
Weathering

Labs
Soil Formation and Soil Horizons Field Trip Lab
Soil Salinization affects on Plant Growth Lab
Soil: The wealth beneath your feet

Lesson/Activities
Lettuce Test the Dirt
Dirt ball demonstration
Permeability demonstration
Research paper on American Meat Industry

Resources
Soil test kits
New Paltz HS woods
Slides/ Powerpoint: Agricultural Practices
Video: Earth on the Edge
Video: Mystery of the Sphinx

 

11. Pest Control- 1/8-1/14

Content
History of Pesticide Use and Abuse
*Pesticide Benefits
*Pesticide Problems
**DDT
**Super Bugs
**Effects on Nontarget Species
Alternatives to Pesticides
*Integrated Pest Management

Essential Questions
How do you measure the success of a pesticide?
What are the negative effects of pesticide use?
What are some alternatives to pesticides?
How can you reduce your exposure to pesticides at home?

Skills
Be able to calculate the effectiveness of pesticides.

Assessments
Unit test

Key Vocabulary
Biological control
Broad-spectrum pesticide
Chlorinated hydrocarbons
DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)
Herbicide
Host specific
Insecticide
IPM (integrated pest management)
Natural chemical control
Nonpersistent
Non-point sources
Persistent
POP (pesticide organic pollutants)
Resistance
Second generation pesticide

Labs
Natural Selection and Pesticide Resistance Lab
Calculating the amount of land needed to grow the food you eat

Lesson/Activities
Pesticide Spraying

Resources
www.cathylaw.com

 

 

12. Air, Weather and Climate- 1/16-1/28

Content
Atmospheric History
*Origin
*Evolution
*Composition
Atmospheric Dynamics
*Atmospheric Layers
*Solar Heating
*Convection Cells and Global Winds
*Fronts, Storms, Monsoons
Climate Change
*Global Warming
*Ocean Change
**Surface Temperature
**Changing Currents
**Rising Sea Levels
*El Nino/La Nina

Essential Questions
How does the differential heating of the planet create global wind patterns?
What are the major factors influencing the different climates of the world?
What affect does El Nino and La Nina have on global weather patterns?
How does the greenhouse affect work, what are typical greenhouse gasses and how can we reduce the emission of these gasses?
What are the global repercussions of the greenhouse affect?
How has the weather changed since your parents were young?
What will be the impact of global warming on our Midwestern farmland and Northeastern hardwoods?

Skills
Be able to measure atmospheric pressure, temperature, relative humidity and wind direction.
Be able to illustrate and explain the greenhouse effect.
Know how to analyze the impact of global warming.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Carbon dioxide
Adiabatic Cooling
Convection currents
El Nino
Evapotranspiration
Hadley cell
Humidity
Global warming
Greenhouse effect
Greenhouse gases
Monsoon
Rainshadows
Stratosphere
Transpiration
Troposphere

Labs
Climates of the World
Investigating the Greenhouse Effect Lab

Lesson/Activities
Gaia
Investigating the Layers of the Atmosphere
Trends of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide in the US
Trends of Globally Averaged Temperatures

Resources
New Paltz weather station
Video: The Greenhouse Effect
Recording: Air- Talking Heads

 

13. Air Pollution- 1/29- 2/7

Content
Pollution of the Air
*Primary and Secondary Pollutants and Sources
*Thermal
*Indoor Air Pollution
Ozone Loss
*Cause
*Negative Impacts
*Solutions
Effects of Air Pollution
*Humans
*Plants
*Acid Rain
**pH scale
**Cause
**Negative Impacts
**Solutions
Reduction of Air Pollution
*New Technology
*Legislation
*U.S.Air Pollution and Clean Air Acts
*Progress and Prospects

Essential Questions
How does air pollution affect organisms including humans?
What are the EPA quality standards for air pollutants and how do they compare to the quality of air in New Paltz?
What are the affects of acid rain on the environment?
How do we reduce the emission of pollutants that cause acid rain?
How do weather patterns affect the deposition of acid precipitation?
How does weather and topography relate to air pollution?
What is causing the thinning of the ozone?
Why is the protection of the ozone layer important to us?

Skills
Know how to collect and measure particulate matter
Be able to measure the pH of water.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Aerosols
Acid deposition
Acid precipitation
Alkaline
Ambient standards
CFC (Chlorofluorocarbons)
EPA- Environmental Protection Agency
Hydrocarbon
Inorganic compounds
Methane
Nitric acid (NHO3)
Ozone (O3)
Ozone hole
PAN (peroxyacetylnitrates)
Particulates
Photochemical smog
Sulfur dioxide (SO2)
Temperature (Thermal) Inversion
Ultraviolet Radiation
Volatile organic compounds

Labs
Acid Rain and Seed Germination
Field Testing and Preparing Reports
Detecting Atmospheric Pollution Lab
Acidic Precipitation
Global Warming

Lesson/Activities
Investigating the pH of common substances
Acid Precipitation and Natural Buffers
Emissions of Air pollutants in US
Puzzle of the Decline of Amphibious populations
Comparing the pH of water bodies on school property

Resources
Video: Acid Rain
Video: Ozone- CFC's and Ozone Depletion

 

14. Water Use and Management- 2/10 -2/14

Content
Water Resources
*Water Cycle
*Water Storage
Water Availability and Use
*Fresh Water Quantities
*Distribution of Water Resources
*Utilization Patterns
Water Shortages
*Groundwater Depletion
*River Water Legal Battles
Methods of Increasing/Preserving Water Supply
*Desalination
*Recycling
*Conservation

Essential Questions
What indoor water conservation tips would you give to your family to cut down on your home water use?

Skills
Be able to calculate private water use.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Aquifer
Cone of depression
Desalinization
Gray water
Groundwater remediation
Hard water
Nonconsumptive water use
Potable water
Seep
Soft water
Storm water
Surface water
Turbidity
Water table
Watershed

Labs
Monitoring Personal Water Use and Conservation Study
Desalinization Lab

Lesson/Activities
Gee Whiz Water Quiz
What is a Watershed Activity
Get the Ground Water Picture
Tree bagging
Water issues: All the water in the World
World water distribution demo

Resources
Video: Earth on the Edge
Video: Cadillac Desert

 

15. Water Pollution- 2/18- 3/5

Content
Types and Effects of Water Pollution
*Inorganic Chemical
*Agricultural Waste and Human Sewage
**Cultural Eutrophication
**Red Tide
**Pathogenic Organisms and Human Health
*Oil Spills
*Thermal
Monitoring Water Quality
*Chemical Tests
*Aquatic Species Monitoring
Water Pollution Control
*Sewage Treatment
*Water Remediation
*Water Legislation

Essential Questions
What are the ways that water pollution affects organisms?
What is the relationship between BOD and DO?
How do the EPA water quality standards compare with water quality of New Paltz streams?
What are the ways we can reduce water pollution?
What is the flow chart and operations of a sewage treatment plant?
What is the comparison of nitrogen, phosphorus, dissolved suspended solids, BOD and toxic substances before and after sewage treatment?

Skills
Identify and quantify aquatic insects to determine the health of stream
Be able to measure the DO, BOD, pH, nitrates, phosphates, temperature, total solids, and fecal coliform to determine the health of a stream.
Identify each step of the sewage treatment plant from input to output.

Assessments
Unit Test

Key Vocabulary
Activated sludge
Algae
Algae bloom
Biological nutrient removal
Biosolids
BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand)
Chlorination
Coliform bacteria
Cooling tower
Cultural eutrophication
DO (Dissolved oxygen)
Eutrophic
Eutrophication
Fecal coliform test
Grit chamber
Heavy metal
Hypoxia
Indicator organisms
Indicator species
Natural biological control
Non-point source
Oligotrophic
PCB (polycholorinated biphenyls)
Point source
Primary treatment
Saltwater intrusion
Secondary treatment
Septic System
Thermal pollution
Treated sludge
Trickling filter system

Labs
Water Quality Testing for Monitoring Stream Health- Field Site Studies
Biotic- aquatic larvae
Aquatic Insect Diversification in Streams
Abiotic- Dissolved Oxygen, pH, Nitrates, Alkalinity, hardness, CO2 Thermal Pollution on Yeast populations
Oil Spill
Why is the Water Green- experimental eutrophication
Sim Sewage
Potable and Wastewater Treatment Lab
The effects of Biodegradable Waste on DO

Lesson/Activities
Tracking Trace Elements
Investigating the Concept of Parts per Million vs Parts per Billion
Water quality in the Lenape river watershed
Determining the ground water contamination
Stream Larvae tag
Water testing and point source pollutant simulation
Seeping Septic Tanks

Resources
Video: The Hudson River PCB story
Field trip: Sewage treatment plant
Field trip: Black water creek

 

16. Solid, Toxic and Hazardous Waste- 3/6- 3/13

Content
Types of Hazardous and Toxic Waste
Disposal Methods
*Ocean Dumps
***Landfills
**Natural Hydrogeologic Setting
**Leachate Collection System
**Cover
*Superfund Sites
*Exporting
*Incineration
Reduction and Reuse
*Alternatives to Household Chemicals
*Recycling
*Long Term Storage

Essential Questions
What kinds and amounts of wastes are generated in a typical house in New Paltz?
How does the amount of solid waste your family generates compare to the U.S. Municipal solid waste data?
How does a solid waste landfill work?
How do you evaluate the effectiveness of waste disposal methods at a landfill?
How can we reduce the amount of material that ends up in solid waste landfills?

Skills
Be able to calculate the quantities of solid waste generated by town, county and state.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Hazardous materials
Incineration
Integrated waste management
Landfill
Leachate
Municipal Solid Waste
Nonbiodegradable
Reuse
Solid Waste
Superfund

Labs
Solid Wastes Lab
Investigation of Trash Generation at Home

Lesson/Activities
Trash it!
Throw away quiz

Resources
Field trip: Gardiner reclamation center.
www.cathylaw.com
Video: Garbage

 

17. Environmental Economics, Policy, and Law- 3/14- 3/24

Content
Ecological Economics
*Natural Resource
**Renewable vs. Nonrewable
**Tragedy of the Commons
*Natural Resource Management
**Cost-benefit Analysis
**Technological Developments
**Pollution Tax
*Green Business
*Green Consumers
Environmental Policies and Laws
*National
**Major U.S. Environmental Laws
*International Treaties and Conventions
**Earth Summit
**WTO, NAFTA
*The Power of One

Essential Questions
What are the local state and national laws that apply to the air, water and toxic waste regulations?
How are cost-benefit ratios determined and how are they used in natural resource management?

Skills
Be able to calculate the cost-benefit analysis of various projects or actions.
Utilize the cost-benefit ratio to determine if a project is economically justified.

Assessments
Unit test

Key Vocabulary
Agenda 21
Bottle law
Cost-benefit analysis
Cost-benefit ratio
Endangered species act
GNP (Gross National Product)
Lacey Act
Lobbying
Mitigation
NIMTOO (Not in my term of office)
Nonrenewable resource
Renewable resource
Special Interest group
Tragedy of the Commons

Labs
Woburn Toxic Trials: Science in the Courtroom

Lesson/Activities
Superfunds Internet activity
Tragedy of the Commons reading
Commons Simulation
Musical Chairs and Private Wealth in Perspective simulation
Globalization and World Trade Organization Research Paper
Cookie Mining: Profits, Reserves, Gangue, and Reclamation

Resources
www.cathylaw.com
Video: A Civil Action
Video: Erin Brokovich

 

18. Conventional Energy- 3/25- 4/3

Content
History of Energy Use in United States
*Energy Sources
*Consumption Rates
Energy Use Measurement
*Calculations
*Conversions
Coal
Oil
Natural Gas
Nuclear Power
*Designs and Disasters
*Radioactive Waste Management
Nuclear Fusion

Essential Questions
What are renewable and nonrenewable resources?
How do you determine the rate of energy use for a private home?
How can the use of conventional energy resources be reduced?

Skills
Know how to analyze energy consumption data for natural gas, electricity and gasoline.
Be able to calculate monthly and annual costs for energy use.

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Breeder reactor
BTU (British Thermal Unit)
Combined-cycle natural gas unit
Control rods
Deregulation
Fission
Fission products
Fossil fuels
Fusion
Fuel assembly
Land subsidence
Meltdown
Nonrenewable resources
Nuclear power
Oil sand
Oil shale
OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
Potential energy
Power grid
Synthetic Fuels
Tar sands
Turbine
Turbogenerator

Labs
Calculating Non-Renewable Energy Consumption Lab
Measuring Electricity Consumption
Watts the Cost
Common Appliances
To Take a Warm Bath
The Nuclear Power Puzzle
Selling Energy

Lesson/Activities
Energy and Population Growth Analysis
Your Contribution to Global Warming
What is your horsepower?
Electricity quiz
Motor vehicle quiz

Resources
Home electricity and oil bills
www.cathylaw.com

 

19. Sustainable Energy- 4/4- 4/23

Content
Conservation
Solar
*Passive
*Active
*Photovoltaic
Fuel Cells
Biofuels
Hydroelectric
Wind
Geothermal
Tidal

Essential Questions
How do the different alternative energy uses compare in terms of consumption rate and efficiency?
How do we conserve and preserve energy resources in terms of reducing use, using efficient energy devices and alternative renewable resources?

Skills
Know how to build a solar oven

Assessments
Unit test

Key Vocabulary
Alternative Energy
Bioconversion
Biogas
Cogeneration
Fuel wood
Gasohol
Geothermal
Maximum sustainable yield
Passive Solar Heating
Photovoltaic cells
Recycle
Renewable Energy Resources
Waste-to-energy
Wind turbines

Labs
Calculating Renewable Energy Consumption Lab
Hot Water Challenge
Catch the Sun!
Energy Alternatives
Comparison of Fuels

Lesson/Activities
The Effectiveness of Insulation
Solar Oven demonstration
Solar Car Races
Solar water heater activity

Resources
Video: Free energy- the race to zero point

 

20. Urbanization, Sustainable Cities and Personal Action- 4/24- 5/1

Content
Urbanization
*Causes of Growth
*Urban Problems
*Sustainable Community Design
Sustainable Development
*Environmental Literacy
*Environmental Movements
*Personal Choices and Personal Action

Essential Questions
What are some alternative uses of land that create an economical, ecological, uncontaminated and sustainable environment?
What are the goals of sustainable development?
What changes in urbanization are predicted in the next 50 years?
How could American cities be redesigned to be more ecologically sound and culturally amenable?

Skills
Be able to design a sustainable urban area

Assessments
Chapter quiz

Key Vocabulary
Consumptive Use
Sustainable development
Sustainability
Urban blight
Urban sprawl

Labs
Profession Impact Study on Environment and Preservation Alternatives

Lesson/Activities
Personal Action Document
Recycling
Home Composting
Energy Alternatives

Resources
www.cathylaw.com

REVIEW for APES EXAM- 5/2- 5/13

After Exam: Group Volunteer Work for Mohonk Preserve and New Paltz High School Ecology Club/ Beautification Committee. Ideas generated from Do it! Project Ideas. Lenape Presentations and Environmental Games.