10 Week Review
APES

Earth Science

Key Vocabulary
Convection
Convergent plate boundary
Core
Crust
Divergent plate boundary
Erosion
Geologic time line
Mantle
Plate tectonics
Rock Cycle
Subduction
Tectonic plates
Weathering

Essential Questions

  1. How did plate tectonics affect the diversity of organisms in terms of habitat change and evolution?
  2. How do volcanic eruptions affect weather patterns?
  3. How does the pattern of volcanoes and earthquakes relate to plate tectonics?
  4. What are the different types of plate boundaries.
  5. Know the geologic time line- the major periods and eras of the Earth’s history and when each major life form appeared.
  6. Know how each rock type formed and what are the most common elements in the Earth’s crust.
  7. Know the layers of the Earth.

Atmosphere

Key Vocabulary
Carbon dioxide
Climate
Convection currents
Coriolis Effect
El Nino
ENSO
La Nina
Monsoon
Rainshadows
Stratosphere
Troposphere
Weather

Essential Questions

  1. What are the global wind patterns and how are they changed by the Coriolis Effect?
  2. What are the atmospheric/ocean interactions?
  3. What are the layers of the atmosphere?
  4. How does El Nino effect the Eastern and Western Pacific ocean?
  5. What affect does El Nino and La Nina have on global weather patterns?
  6. How is the climate shifting and how are species moving as a result?
  7. What is the composition and percentages of the first two elements in the air?

Global Water

Key Vocabulary
Aquifer
Desalinization
Gray water
Storm water
Surface water
Turbidity
Water table
Watershed (drainage basin)

Essential Questions

  1. What are the most common pathways in the water cycle?
  2. What is the percent distribution of fresh and salt water on the Earth? Where is most of the fresh water located?
  3. Why does the ocean have currents?
  4. What defines a watershed (water drainage basin)?
  5. What is the biggest watershed in the US?
  6. What is the agricultural, industrial and domestic use of water?
  7. How can agriculture reduce water use?
  8. What are the patterns of domestic water use in the U.S. versus worldwide usage?
  9. What indoor water conservation tips would you give to your family to cut down on your home water use?

Soil

Key Vocabulary
Compost
Contour plowing
Crop rotation
Humus
Illuviation
Infiltration
Leaching
Loam
Monoculture
No-till agriculture
Organic Fertilizer
Parent Material
Percolation/ Permeability
Sand
Sediment
Soil Horizons
Strip cropping
Subsoil
Sustainable agriculture
Terracing
Topsoil
Weathering

Essential Questions

  1. What are the ways to retard soil erosion in agriculture?
  2. How is soil formed? How is humus formed?
  3. What is the order of sediments from larger to smallest?
  4. How do you identify the different soil types using the soil triangle?
  5. What are the soil horizons in a soil profile and how does its soil composition change?
  6. What kinds of soil hold water?
  7. What components of the soil are important for growing healthy plants?
  8. What kinds of soil hold the most water? Which kinds drain the fastest?

Natural Biogeochemical Cycles

Key Vocabulary
Ammonification
Assimilation
Carbon cycle
Denitrification
Legumes
Nitrification
Nitrogen fixation
Nutrient cycle
Nitrogen cycle
Phosphorous cycle
Tertiary consumer

Review Questions

  1. What are the major steps to the carbon cycle, nitrogen, phosphorus and water cycles? Which cycle slowly and which are quick?
  2. What are the largest storage reservoirs for C, N, P and S?

 

Ecosystems

Key Vocabulary
Abiotic
Abundance
Adaptation
Autotroph
Biomass
Biome
Biotic
Carnivore
Climax community
Commensalism
Competition
Consumers
Decomposers
Diversity
Ecological succession
Ecosystem
Edge Effects
Evolution
First law of thermodynamics
Food chain
Food web
Genetic Drift
Habitat
Herbivore
Heterotroph
Interspecific competition
Intraspecific competition
Keystone species
Limiting factor
Mutualism
Natural selection
Niche
Omnivore
Parasitism
Pioneer species
Population
Predation
Primary consumer
Producer
Scavengers
Second law of thermodynamics
Secondary consumer
Species
Primary productivity
Primary succession
Producers
Range of Tolerance
Resilience
Resource partitioning
Richness
Secondary succession
Selective pressure
Species
Succession
Symbiosis
Tolerance limits
Trophic level

Review Questions

  1. What are the various stages of ecological succession in our area?
  2. What are the main types of species interactions?
  3. What are the reasons for intraspecific and interspecific competition?
  4. What limits species abundance?
  5. What factors influence community diversity?
  6. How does abundance and diversity change in relation to latitude?
  7. What are the differences between primary and secondary succession?
  8. Know how the first and second law of thermodynamics govern ecosystem dynamics.
  9. What is the difference between low and high quality energy?
  10. Energy doesn’t recycle, but does matter?
  11. Be able to make a food chain and food web for organisms in our area.
  12. Be able to diagram the tropic levels for organisms in our local ecosystem.
  13. Know the names of each trophic level and be able to give examples.
  14. Know the 10% rule of energy flow between trophic levels.

Biomes

Key Vocabulary
Biome
Coniferous
Deciduous
Desert
Ecosystem
Fragmentation
Habitat
Rainforest
Savanna
Taiga
Tundra
Wetlands

Essential Questions

  1. A biome is a large distinct terrestrial region that shares which features in common?
  2. What ARE the characteristics of each of the major biomes?
  3. Where are the major biomes located?
  4. Why are wetlands so valuable as a resource?

Biodiversity

Key Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Deforestation
Desertification
Endangered species
Extinction

Essential Questions

  1. How do the mass extinctions in the pass differ from the rate of biodiversity loss experienced today?
  2. How long does it take biodiversity to recover after a mass extinction?
  3. What are the major challenges to preserving the biodiversity on the planet?